Ethiopian govt & TPLF Signed Peace Agreement in South Africa

Ethiopian govt & TPLF Signed Peace Agreement in South Africa

Ethiopian govt & TPLF Signed Peace Agreement in South Africa. They agreed on 12 points. What are the points they agreed on?
Agreeing to peacefully resolve the violent conflict that erupted on November 3, 2020, in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia in a manner consistent with the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia;
Recognizing the destructive consequence of the conflict between the two Parties on human lives and livelihoods;
Affirming that political problems can only be sustainably resolved through political means;
Reiterating the Parties’ commitment to the African Union’s Agenda of Silencing the Guns by 2030, consistent with the spirit of ‘African solutions to African problems;
Resolved to find a lasting and comprehensive solution to the conflict; including restoration of constitutional order in the Tigray region;
Convinced of the need to agree upon the terms for the permanent cessation of hostilities and modalities for the peaceful settlement of all political differences and disputes;
Determined to seek a peaceful and lasting solution to the crisis within a framework of the permanent cessation of hostilities where a monitoring and verification mechanism shall be put in place to monitor compliance;
Recognising the efforts to bring a peaceful resolution to the crisis by the African Union, the African Union High-Level Panel led by His Excellency former President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria, supported by His Excellency former President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya, and Her Excellency Dr. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, former Deputy President of South Africa, as well as the Republic of South Africa for graciously hosting the Peace Talks, and the observers for their support;
Mindful of the desire of the people of Ethiopia to live in peace and dignity in an inclusive democratic society based on justice, equality, respect for human rights, and the rule of law;
The Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (the Government) and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (the TPLF) (together referred to as the Parties) agree to the following terms;
#Article 1 – #Objectives
The objectives of this Agreement are to:
Reach an immediate and Permanent Cessation of Hostilities with a view to silencing the Guns and creating a conducive environment and laying the foundation for sustainable peace;
Restore the constitutional order disrupted due to the conflict in the Tigray Region;
Reject violence as a method of resolving political differences;
Guarantee security for all;
Ensure a lasting settlement of the conflict;
Provide a framework for addressing matters arising out of the conflict;
Provide a framework to ensure accountability for matters arising out of the conflict;
Foster reconciliation and the rehabilitation of social bonds;
Facilitate economic recovery and reconstruction;
Commit to addressing the underlying political differences;
Provide a framework for monitoring and verification of the implementation of the Agreement.
#Article 2 – Principles Underpinning the Permanent Cessation of Hostilities
The Parties shall be guided by the following principles:
Respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and unity of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE);
Legality and respect for constitutional norms and principles enshrined in the FDRE Constitution;
Respect for fundamental human rights and democratic norms and principles;
Protection of civilians;
Respect for the African Charter on Democracy, Elections, and Governance;
Accountability and justice in accordance with the FDRE Constitution and the AU Transitional Justice Policy Framework;
Unhindered humanitarian access to all in need of assistance;
The use of humanitarian aid exclusively for humanitarian purposes.
Reconciliation and rehabilitation;
Relief and Reconstruction;
Good faith commitment in the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities and all subsequent stages of the peace process.
#Article 3 – The Permanent Cessation of Hostilities
The Parties commit to and declare an immediate and Permanent Cessation of Hostilities, and undertake to disengage forces or armed groups under their control;
This Permanent Cessation of all forms of hostilities shall include, among others; the cessation of overt and covert acts of violence; laying of mines; sabotage; airstrikes; direct or indirect acts of violence; and subversion or use of proxies to destabilize the other party or collusion with any external force hostile to either party;
The Permanent Cessation of hostilities shall include the cessation of all forms of hostile propaganda, rhetoric, and hate speech; – READ MORE ON THIS LINK

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